RRND Email Full Text (Scheduled)

  • Switzerland: Voters Back “13th Month” Pension Payment Increase

    Source: US News & World Report

    “Switzerland voted for increased pension payments for the elderly in a referendum on Sunday, as concern over living costs trumped government doubts about its affordability, preliminary projections by public broadcaster SRF showed. An initial vote count published by SRF showed 58% of participants backed the extra pension, a 13th monthly payment per year, with just 42% against, pointing to a more emphatic victory than final polls had suggested. The measure, which was promoted by the Swiss Trade Union Federation and left-of-centre parties, requires backing from a majority of Switzerland’s 26 cantons to pass. The margin of victory meant that was likely secure, the broadcaster said. … The government, business lobbies and parliament, which currently leans to the right, had rejected the proposal as financially unsound. Swiss voters have in the past been cautious about backing measures viewed as risky for business.” (03/03/24)


  • CA: Waymo gets bureaucrats’ permission to launch robotaxi service in LA

    Source: KTLA 5 News

    “Driverless cars have been tested in L.A. for more than a year, but now, Waymo has received approval from state regulators to begin robotaxi service with passengers in the near future. The California Public Utilities Commission approved the driverless car service for Los Angeles and San Mateo counties. Waymo — owned by Alphabet, Google’s parent company — will be allowed to operate autonomous vehicles to carry passengers in the next few months. … However, some local officials are against Waymo being allowed to operate driverless vehicles in L.A. Mayor Karen Bass wrote a letter to the CPUC last November, stating her opposition to the autonomous cars being allowed to transport passengers.” (03/02/24)


  • Palestine: US military aircraft airdrop thousands of meals into Gaza in emergency humanitarian aid operation

    Source: Yahoo! News

    “US military C-130 cargo planes have airdropped food and aid in pallets over Gaza. It’s the opening stage of an emergency humanitarian assistance authorized by President Joe Biden after more than 100 Palestinians who had surged to pull goods off an aid convoy were killed during a chaotic encounter with Israeli troops. Three planes from Air Forces Central dropped 38,000 meals into Gaza at 8:30 a.m. EST Saturday.” (03/03/24)


  • AL: Groups file request asking state’s Supreme Court to rehear embryo ruling

    Source: CNN

    “Groups representing defendants in the lawsuits that culminated in the Alabama Supreme Court ruling that frozen embryos are children have filed an application asking the court to rehear the case, according to court records. In its ruling – stemming from two lawsuits over the destruction of frozen embryos at a Mobile hospital – the state Supreme Court said embryos are children, no matter if they’re within or out of a uterus, and those who destroy them can be held liable for wrongful death. … Reconsideration is not typically granted, but the ruling has been contentious, with lawmakers scrambling to pass bills aimed at protecting in vitro fertilization as IVF clinics began pressing pause on parts of treatments.” (03/03/24)


  • Serbia: Belgrade election to be rerun following opposition fraud claims

    Source: ABC News

    “A key vote for control of Serbia’s capital, Belgrade — a focal point of widespread fraud reports after last December elections — is to be rerun later this year, officials said Sunday. The announcement follows months of soaring political tensions over claims that the ruling populists of President Aleksandar Vucic orchestrated a fraud in the vote for Belgrade’s city assembly. The right-wing Serbian Progressive Party was declared the winner of the Dec. 17 election. But the main opposition alliance, Serbia Against Violence, have insisted they were robbed of a victory in Belgrade and that the parliamentary vote that took place at the same time was also marred by widespread irregularities. The dispute has led to large street protests.” (03/03/24)


  • AIPAC uncorks $100 million war chest to sink US candidates deemed insufficiently loyal to a foreign power

    Source: Politico

    “AIPAC is expected to spend $100 million across its political entities in 2024, taking aim at candidates they deem insufficiently supportive of Israel, according to three people with direct knowledge of the figure, who were granted anonymity to discuss private meetings. The strategy has taken on new urgency this election season from donors animated by the Israel-Hamas war. AIPAC’s biggest targets are members of the so-called Squad of progressive House Democrats who have been openly pressuring the administration to call for a cease-fire. But AIPAC’s ambitions are broader. United Democracy Project, the group’s super PAC, is monitoring 15 to 20 House races and polling in many of those districts, according to a person directly familiar with UDP’s strategy and granted anonymity to discuss the approach.” (03/03/24)


  • Malaysia: Regime May Renew Hunt for Missing Flight MH370, 10 Years After Its Disappearance

    Source: US News & World Report

    “Malaysia’s government said Sunday it may renew the hunt for missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 after a U.S. technology firm proposed a fresh search in the southern Indian Ocean where the plane is believed to have crashed a decade ago. Transport Minister Anthony Loke said Texas-based Ocean Infinity has proposed another ‘no find, no fee’ basis to scour the seabeds, expanding from the site where it first searched in 2018. He said he has invited the company to meet him to evaluate new scientific evidence it has to find the plane’s final resting place. … The Boeing 777 plane carrying 239 people, mostly Chinese nationals, from the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur, to Beijing, vanished from radar shortly after taking off on March 8, 2014. Satellite data showed the plane deviated from its flight path and was believed to have crashed in the southern Indian Ocean.” (03/03/24)


  • Disgraced former president wins Missouri, Michigan and Idaho GOP caucuses

    Source: CBS News

    “Former President Donald Trump on Saturday won the Missouri, Michigan and Idaho Republican caucuses, CBS News projects, all three of which will award delegates for the GOP presidential nomination. Former U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley, meanwhile, is still seeking her first win. Trump won all 54 Republican delegates available in Missouri, as well as all 39 delegates which were at stake Saturday in Michigan’s district caucuses. That was in addition to the 12 at-large delegates Trump won in Michigan’s Republican primary Tuesday. CBS News projects that Trump also swept all 32 delegates in Idaho.” [editor’s note: It’s really strange to see Republicans trying so hard to ensure a Democratic victory in November – TLK] (03/02/24)


  • Haiti: Police unions plead for help as armed gangs storm main prison

    Source: Al Jazeera [Qatari state media]

    “Armed groups have stormed Haiti’s largest prison, defying police forces who have called for help after days of gunfire in parts of the capital as a major gang leader seeks to topple Prime Minister Ariel Henry. Two of the Caribbean country’s main police unions called for assistance on Saturday to stop inmates, many considered to be high-profile criminals, from fleeing the National Penitentiary in Port-Au-Prince. … Heavy gunfire has caused panic in recent days after calls by gang leader Jimmy Cherizier, a former police officer, for criminal groups to unite and overthrow Henry. Cherizier, also known as Barbecue, heads an alliance of gangs and faces sanctions from the UN and the United States.” (03/03/24)


  • Of Radicals and Dogmatists

    Source: EconLog
    by Max Molden

    “Dogmatism is bad. If someone calls you dogmatic, an ideologue, he implies that you are irrevocably wedded to your ideology and your belief system. You refuse to consider stringent counterarguments and quibbling counterevidence. … Proponents of the market economy have often been accused of being dogmatic. They’ve been called ‘ideologues.’ And there certainly are free market ideologues. There are dogmatists who are committed to market fundamentalism. These people, if they want a government at all, hold that the government shall be constrained to very basic functions. But it is not the content of your beliefs that makes you a dogmatist. Whether you’re a dogmatist depends on how you arrive at your conclusions and how your overall belief system is constructed and also adapted in light of new arguments and new evidence.” (03/02/24)


  • We do just so love this Meta argument

    Source: Adam Smith Institute
    by Tim Worstall

    “One claim is that Facebook (and Google and so on) steal the news content from the producers of it, thereby taking the crusts out of the mouths of journalists. Well, OK, possibly. Another claim is that Facebook and Google (and so on) must carry news because that’s a significant source of traffic to the news sites themselves, from which they make ad revenue with which to provide crusts for journalists. Well, OK, possibly. But there’s clearly that tension with trying to insist upon both at the same time. That Facebook steals the news content and therefore must pay for it but also that it’s entirely vital that Facebook must run the news as it’s essential to the incomes of the news sites. We might even call that cakeism.” (03/02/24)


  • Government will collapse under weight

    Source: Eastern New Mexico News
    by Kent McManigal

    “As long as the majority of your neighbors are willing to sell their own liberty out of fear of punishment, fear of other scary things, or for some handouts, your liberty is at risk. Many of these neighbors will be happy to sell you out if you’re living life a little too freely, even if you’re only doing things you have a natural human right to do. Either because they like to be ruled, or because they are scared you aren’t ruled enough. Either way, authoritarian government gets another boost. At least until it collapses under its own weight — which it will.” (03/03/24)


  • When Time Is Money, “Dynamic Pricing” Makes Everything Cheaper

    Source: Garrison Center
    by Thomas L Knapp

    “Everything else being equal, nobody wants to pay more for food than necessary. But everything else is never equal. For some people, saving time is worth a little extra money; for others, saving money is worth a little extra time. For businesses, keeping demand more steady is profitable.” (03/02/24)


  • The retconning of George Floyd, part 3: The great flattening

    Source: The Watch
    by Radley Balko

    “The revisionist campaign to exonerate Derek Chauvin is about one thing: preserving police impunity.” (03/01/24)


  • “Healing spaces” in post-conflict societies

    Source: Christian Science Monitor
    by staff

    “Societies emerging from conflict sometimes seek to rebuild on foundations of accountability and forgiveness. Many set up formal commissions to promote reconciliation through truth-telling and mercy. Such ‘transitional justice’, however, often depends more on grassroots efforts than on governments. That’s because – as seen in a new virtual museum dedicated to showing Afghan victims of war and human rights abuses – personal narratives are central to healing war-torn communities. They help seed empathy and trust among former enemies. The Afghan Memory Home is a growing online archive of testimonies of endurance by ordinary Afghans during years of conflict and repressive rule under the Taliban. Its creators ‘approached this challenge with the utmost care, avoiding assumptions and ensuring a respectful understanding,’ Phurbu Dolma, a collaborating archivist, told the group Human Rights Information and Documentation Systems.” (03/01/24)


  • How much longer will both parties scapegoat, threaten or string along immigrants?

    Source: Orange County Register
    by Raoul Lowery Contreras

    “Donald Trump is promising to lead individual state National Guard units in the greatest ever roundup of illegally-present [sic] immigrants in all 50 states; they will be arrested and deported. Those millions will have to be detained somewhere in order to be processed. Huge camps would be needed, camps surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards. They would have to be moved around by bus or train …. Packed Los Angeles freight trains with people being deported impressed Germany to the point they refined the efforts and managed to move millions of people to their camps using the Los Angeles-California method of packed freight trains filled with the unwanted. … Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, both Democrats, exercised heavy weight enforcement against people illegally-in-the-U.S. But the Miller plans supersede previous efforts with stronger enforcement, tactics and deportations in numbers Republicans have never implemented.” (03/02/24)


  • Human Artificial Reality Is a Mortal Threat

    Source: RealClearPolitics
    by Richard Porter

    “I do not mean the Metaverse or spatial computing or augmented reality, all of which are machine-based versions of manipulating environments or object. Instead, Artificial Reality is when political or cultural beliefs distort sensory processing, causing the perception of reality to disconnect from observable reality in a potentially dangerous way. … Artificial Reality arises when observation is supplanted, not supplemented, by ideas and our imaginations. This occurs when our pre-conceived notions of a concept, instead of the usefulness of the concept in surviving in or improving external reality, drives a person’s perceptions of reality.” (03/03/24)


  • Could the Traditional Pension Plan Make a Comeback?

    Source: Common Dreams
    by James W Russell

    “Pension plans never really went away — despite beliefs to the contrary that they are fatally flawed, with 401(k)s being the only sustainable retirement plans. The reality is that there are still 50,000 financially healthy pension plans in the United States. Most public sector workers, for sure a minority of all workers, still have pension plans. The other reality, though, is that progressively fewer workers since the early 1980s have had access to traditional pensions plans. The general experience in American workplaces has been that once gone, pension plans do not come back. Here and there the trend has been bucked with pension plans returning to replace 401(k)s.” [editor’s note: 401ks are pension plans — and better pension plans than the “traditional” ones to boot – TLK] (03/02/24)


  • On Classical Education in America

    Source: Waste No More Time
    by Nicholas Sarwark

    “There was a Facebook post I saw about fusionism, the alliance between libertarians and conservatives during the Cold War against communism, and whether it was a good idea still or ever. I have opinions on fusionism, so this is the kind of post that grabs my attention. In the comments, I come across this: ‘I think we can agree on economic education, civic education, and classical education, and the principles that go with them, against a common enemy to our left.’ This framing of conservatives and libertarians united against an amorphous ‘left’ that seeks to destroy economic, civic, and classical education incites unity against a common enemy, appealing to tribal instincts that have been evolved over decades. I, a Libertarian, support economic, civic, and classical education. … Whenever something hits you viscerally like that, it’s worth examining more closely.” (03/02/24)


  • Where Did Evangelicals Go Wrong?

    Source: The Atlantic
    by Peter Wehner

    “One might reasonably expect that Christians, including white evangelicals, would be a unifying, healing force in American society. After all, the apostle Paul wrote that Jesus came to tear down ‘the dividing wall of hostility’ between groups that held profoundly different beliefs. ‘Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called the children of God,’ Jesus said. In that same sermon, Jesus also said, ‘I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.’ Even if those goals have always been unattainable, they were seen as aspirational. Yet in the main, the white evangelical movement has for decades exacerbated our divisions, fueled hatreds and grievances, and turned fellow citizens into enemies rather than friends.” (03/03/24)


  • American Paralysis and Decline

    Source: American Greatness
    by Victor Davis Hanson

    “‘We can bear neither our diseases nor their remedies.’ So shrugged the ancient historian Livy (59 B.C.-17 A.D.) of the long decline of Roman national character that, in his age, finally ended the Roman Republic. Like a patient whose medicine proves worse than the disease, Livy lamented that the Romans knew that they had become corrupt and lawless. But the very contemplation of the hard medicine needed for restoration — and the furious reaction that would meet the remedy — made it impossible to save the patient. America is nearing such an impasse. We know that no state can long exist after opening [sic] its borders to over 7 million illegal [sic] aliens, requiring neither background checks nor legality [sic]. The recent murder of a Georgia female jogger by an illegal [sic] alien and the savage beating of New York policemen by similar others hardly merit media attention.” (03/01/24)


  • With solar, we can solve non-profit hospitals’ carbon and community benefit problem simultaneously

    Source: The Hill
    by David Introcaso

    “Community health is clearly improved by reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the environment. Today, the burning of fossil fuels annually accounts for 350,000 U.S. deaths and 10 million total globally. Hospitals could readily argue a net loss would be realized via reduced healthcare utilization. For example, lower GHG emissions would likely reduce spending on Medicaid inhalers, which, between 2012 and 2018, increased by 120 percent. Reasoning aside, disallowing 3,000 non-profit hospitals from reporting reduced GHG pollution as a community benefit defies logic. Possibly the best way for non-profit hospitals to achieve these goals simultaneously is by developing shared or community solar projects.” (03/02/24)


  • Aaron Bushnell’s Death Can’t Rightly Be Called An Act Of Suicide

    Source: Caitlin Johnstone, Rogue Journalist
    by Caitlin Johnstone

    “There’s a deeply moving interview on Democracy Now with a friend of Aaron Bushnell, the US airman who fatally self-immolated outside the Israeli embassy while screaming ‘Free Palestine’ in protest of his government’s facilitation of the genocide in Gaza. Bushnell’s friend, a conscientious objector named Levi Pierpont, met Bushnell in 2020 during basic training at an air force base in Texas. When you watch the interview you can immediately see why the two clicked; Pierpont has the same tender, gentle air to him that Bushnell displayed in his final video, very much unlike what you picture when you think of members of the world’s most murderous and destructive military. Neither of them belonged there, and they each took their exit in their own way.” (03/03/24)


  • War Powers: The True History of Thomas Jefferson and the Barbary Pirates

    Source: Tenth Amendment Center
    by Michael Boldin

    “People on both the left and the right claim the president possesses significant, unilateral power over military action, and they support this myth by perpetuating a big lie – that Thomas Jefferson did the same in response to the Barbary Pirates. But like so many other myths about expansive federal power, historical truth doesn’t back up this commonly held narrative. In fact, Jefferson deferred to Congress throughout the Barbary conflict.” (03/02/24)


  • Central Bank Digital Currencies Are Dangerous and Unnecessary

    Source: Ludwig von Mises Insitute
    by Daniel Lacalle

    “The main central banks have been deliberating on the concept of introducing a digital currency. However, many citizens fail to grasp the rationale behind it when the majority of transactions in major global currencies are carried out electronically. Nevertheless, a central bank digital currency is much more than electronic money. I will explain why.” (03/02/24)


  • Would You Like An Advantage In Business?

    Source: Freeman’s Perspective
    by Paul Rosenberg

    “I spent a a good deal of my young adulthood searching for business advantages. Ultimately I found mine by reading: While the other guys were talking about nonsense and chugging back brews, I was reading the literature of my business … and it worked. Things are a bit different nowadays, but I still respect the drive to get ahead, and today I have something for all who are interested: a big advantage, ready for the taking. Most people will turn away from it, but if you’re serious about getting ahead, this is for you.” (03/02/24)


  • How faith-based charities are complicit with migrant traffickers

    Source: New York Post
    by staff

    “The road to hell is paved with good intentions — as the involvement of American religious organizations with human traffickers across our southern border demonstrates. Witness Annunciation House, a Catholic NGO being sued by Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton over its failure to comply with document demands related to its alleged stateside role in the migrant crisis [sic] caused by President Biden’s disastrous policies. Annunciation House offers shelter to migrants; Paxton wanted to know if the group was crossing the line into enabling actual human smuggling itself and called for relevant documents. Annunciation House refused to comply — and Paxton’s suit seeks to strip the group of its ability to operate in Texas. Whatever the outcome, the issue raises thorny questions.” (03/02/24)


  • Immigration in an Nth-Best World

    Source: Free Association
    by Sheldon Richman

    “We live in an nth-best society. It’s neither fully libertarian (though libertarians disagree over exactly what that would mean) nor totalitarian like the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Maoist China, or North Korea. It’s somewhere in between, closer to libertarian than many other places but not close enough. One challenge for libertarians is knowing which proposals to favor and which to oppose in an nth-best society. Merely reciting the nonaggression obligation is not enough if our goal is to persuade many people that the freedom philosophy is both right and practical.” (03/01/24)


  • Biden and the Ghost of Duncan Lemp

    Source: JimBovard.com
    by James Bovard

    “‘His name was Duncan Lemp’ is a common phrase among violent extremists, according to the FBI’s Domestic Terrorism Symbols report. The Washington Post sneered that Duncan Lemp had ‘become a beloved martyr’ to ‘anti-government extremists around the country.’ But Duncan Lemp was wrongly killed in his own bedroom thanks to the same policies that President Biden champions for the nation.” (03/01/24)


  • The Myth of the Migrant Crime Wave

    Source: Reason
    by Fiona Harrigan

    “‘The United States is being overrun by the Biden migrant crime. It’s a new form of vicious violation to our country,’ said former President Donald Trump during a visit to the U.S.-Mexico border in Eagle Pass, Texas, on Thursday. Trump’s remarks come at a tense moment in the nation’s sentiment toward immigration. Americans now say that immigration is ‘the most important problem facing the U.S.,’ according to the results of a Gallup poll published this week. Earlier in February, 57 percent of Americans surveyed by the Pew Research Center said that ‘the large number of migrants seeking to enter the country leads to more crime.’ … However, several analyses conducted at both the state and federal levels find that immigrants — including undocumented ones — are less crime-prone than native-born Americans.” (03/01/24)


  • A Public Option for Credit Card Shopping

    Source: The American Prospect
    by David Dayen

    “While the U.S. leans heavily toward a market economy, it still retains some vestiges of publicly provided goods and services. Virtually every community in America has libraries and public parks and at least some form of public transit. Some have their own broadband services, their own swimming pools, even their own supermarkets. And of course, there are the massive programs like the public school system, public health insurance options like Medicare and Medicaid, and Social Security. Public options ensure that everyone in society has at least a baseline of support, particularly in areas like health care and education that we see as universal needs. They can also discipline private markets that have succumbed to corruption and greed. An insular market that devolves into monopoly and limits choice can be pried open not only by enforcement, but by a public option that offers something superior.” (03/01/24)


  • Filthy, Rotten System Refusers: Aaron, Rachel and Silas

    Source: CounterPunch
    by Kathleen Wallace

    “Throughout history there has always been a small number of individuals, a group of people united through time, unable to accept injustice — simply unable, as if they have a violent allergic reaction when presented with horrors being visited upon others. Most of us have varying degrees of empathy, but realistically only feel the pain fully when it is dealt with in a personal manner. These almost ethereal individuals exemplify the best of humanity and though few are in this select group, they have the ability to awaken decency as it slumbers in the hearts of others with less pristine convictions. To consider the trajectory of history without these conscientious objectors is unthinkable; no group of humans is more important to the future (if there is to be one) than those who reject and refuse to accept the dehumanization of others.” (03/01/24)


  • The National Security State Has Already Won in US versus Assange

    Source: Future of Freedom Foundation
    by Jacob G Hornberger

    “While it is theoretically possible for Assange to win an acquittal, the reality is that conviction will be a fairly easy thing for prosecutors to win. That’s because the prosecution will take place in one of the pro-government federal courts that are located near the Pentagon and the CIA. Even if Assange were to be acquitted, however, the fact is that the government has actually already won. After all, look at Assange’s life for the last 14 years. They’ve destroyed it. He has been harassed, abused, incarcerated under brutal conditions, and forced to hole up in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London for seven long years. In other words, for 14 years, Assange has been unable to enjoy the life of a free person.” (03/01/24)


  • Self-Evident? Self-Evident to Whom?, part 1

    Source: Town Hall
    by Mark Lewis

    “‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal…’ Democracy (actually, republicanism) is actually very rare in history; frankly, it still is in many places in the world. And even previous ‘democracies’ were limited, at best. Greek Periclean democracy was only for males, citizens, and certainly not for the myriad of slaves owned by the Greeks. No, for most of humanity, for most of human history, our species has lived in hierarchical societies …. Do you know who changed that? The men who founded America: Jefferson, Madison, Washington, et alia.” [editor’s note: And, as it always has been, #taxationistributetotheking – SAT] (03/03/24)


  • Living in the Confederacy of Dunces

    Source: Law & Liberty
    by Auguste Meyrat

    “[W]hat really makes A Confederacy of Dunces a classic worthy of being read today is how closely and how well it predicts the future — our present. Even if Ignatius was a complete anomaly in his own time, there’s a whole generation of Ignatiuses today: vain, overeducated young adults who can’t hold a job, live healthily, own any property, or maintain a friendship or romantic partnership, and yet often feel proud of themselves. Like Ignatius, they feel qualified to deliver their opinion on a whole range of issues they have no clue about. Without a doubt, if Ignatius existed today, he would likely be an online influencer hosting a popular YouTube channel or podcast that spoke to disaffected men like himself.” (03/01/24)


  • Utah and the Tenth

    Source: Common Sense
    by Paul Jacob

    “The trouble with the Ninth and Tenth Amendments to the Constitution — the last two items in the Bill of Rights — has not been lack of clarity. The Tenth, at least, is extremely clear: ‘The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.’ The problem has been one of enforcement. How do the States prevent the federal government from overreach? Especially when the federal government acts as if no objection to a federal law could be brooked? Especially when the Supreme Court is, ahem, wrong, or hasn’t yet been approached with a challenge. Utah has rediscovered an old technique. And revived it.” (03/01/24)


  • Breaking down MMT’s Guaranteed Jobs Scheme for Fighting Inflation

    Source: Foundation for Economic Education
    by Peter Jacobsen

    “The idea of the natural rate of unemployment is that even healthy economies have people who are looking for jobs for the above two reasons. MMT advocates deny that this is necessary. Unlike economists, they see these unemployed workers as a wasted opportunity. In the words of MMT scholar Pavlina Tcherneva: ‘Unemployment holds a ‘special’ status in economic theory, compared to other social deprivations. Economists do not speak of the natural rate of hunger, or the natural rate of illiteracy, or the natural rate of homelessness.’ Except, to be clear, Tcherneva is essentially wrong about this. While it’s true we don’t measure things like the natural rate of illiteracy or homelessness, economists generally recognize that bringing the rate of crime, illiteracy, or homelessness down to zero is prohibitively costly.” (03/01/24)